note: Jazz and silence help reduce heart rate after surgery, study
October 13, 2014
Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)
are one step closer to confirming what people in New Orleans have
known for decades: Jazz is good for you. Patients undergoing elective
hysterectomies who listened to jazz music during their recovery
experienced significantly lower heart rates, suggests a study
presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2014 annual meeting.
But the research also found that
silence is golden. Patients who wore noise-cancelling headphones also
had lower heart rates, as well as less pain.
results provide hope that patients who listen to music or experience
silence while recovering from surgery might need less pain
medication, and may be more relaxed and satisfied, note the
thought of having a surgical procedure -- in addition to the fears
associated with anesthesia -- creates emotional stress and anxiety
for many patients," said Flower Austin, D.O., anesthesiology
resident, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pa.,
and lead study author. "Physician anesthesiologists provide
patients with pain relief medication right after surgery. But some of
these medications can cause significant side effects."
total of 56 patients were randomly assigned to listen to jazz music
(28 patients) or to wear noise-cancelling headphones (28 patients) in
the postoperative care unit (PACU). Heart rate, blood pressure and
pain and anxiety levels were checked right after surgery (baseline),
and then at regular intervals during the subsequent 30-minute
intervention period. The heart rates were significantly lower
compared to baseline for both groups. After 20 minutes, heart rates
were lower in the jazz group than in the noise-cancellation group.
However, pain scores were lower in the noise-cancellation group
compared to the jazz group after 10 minutes.
jazz does not seem to help with pain, studies have shown that music
goal is to find out how we can incorporate this into our care,"
said Dr. Austin. "We need to determine what kind of music works
best, when we should play it and when silence is best. But it's clear
that music as well as silence are cost effective, non-invasive and
may increase patient satisfaction."